There is little
known about the Babylonian civilization. Historians are pretty sure the Babylonian
civilization began around the 18th century B.C. and ended around the 6th century
B.C. This civilization was very similar to the Sumerian civilization. The Babylonian
civilization was based highly on agriculture and very little on industry.
Babylonian civilization was run by a king, who was pretty much in complete
control and exercised powers in all branches of government. The country is said
to have consisted of about 12 or 13 cities, and was surrounded by villages and
small towns. The Babylonians took the Sumerian culture and basically transformed
it into a culture almost entirely of its own. This resulting culture was highly
popular and effective, as it was used, without change, for 1200 years. It was
copied and modified by pretty much every other country in the world at the time,
especially Assyria, which pretty much exactly replicated Babylonian culture.
The Babylonians are complimented with several huge successes in their time.
One of these is their creating of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which was constructed
in 600 B.C. by King Nebuchadnezzar. These hanging gardens were a mountain like
series of planted terraces built on top of stone arches 23 meters above ground,
watered by the Euphrates by a complicated mechanical system. These Hanging Gardens
are one of the Seven Wonders of the World and shows exactly how precise and good
the Babylonians were when it came to architecture and art.
leader in the first Babylonian dynasty, Hammurabi, was also responsible for a
tremendous success in Babylonian culture. Hammurabi was completely devoted to
the prosperity of his empire, and he supervised all building projects of Babylon.
He was also a terrific leader and military commander. However his greatest achievement
was his writing of laws governing Babylonian civilization. He was mostly known
for the code of Hammurabi, which states an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
He was also an inspiring spiritual leader, and he was also very smart. During
his reign, Babylon reached a height in its cultural civilization and political
The Babylonians were very famous for the invention and creation
of new law concepts never before seen, some of these laws include legal defense
and protection for lower classes, the state is responsible for enforcing the laws,
social justice should is guaranteed, the punishment should fit the crime.
Babylonian cultural achievements and law achievements left a huge impression
on all the other cultures and countries of the world. Even present day countries
use the same principals of law the Babylonians used. Babylonian influence is found
all throughout politics, art, math, science, spirituality, astronomy, astrology,