The Celts of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales

The Celts are probably one of the less well-known civilizations, but they are still very important in their history. The Celts dominated Eastern, Western, and Central Europe, along with Asia Minor. The people that are descendants of the Celts now live in some areas of France, Spain, Cornwall, Turkey, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

The earliest evidence of Celtic history is around the area of present day France and Germany around 1200 BC. This civilization was quite huge in size, stretching from the British Isles all the way to Turkey. This empire was greater than the size of present day Russia, which is quite massive. However there are now only three true surviving Celtic nations, which are Scotland, Ireland, and Wales.

The Celtic people weren't really bound so much by a central government as much so as religion, culture, and language. The Celtic government was ran on a feudal system, where each tribe has a King and was divided by classes. These classes generally included Priests/Nobles, Warriors, Commoners, and then Slaves.

The Celtic government has traces of democracy in it, and gave equal rights to men and women. These men and women had an equal amount of say-so and power when it came to certain issues. The rule of tribes wasn't necessarily by blood. If it was decided the King was not suited for his job he would be thrown down. And secession didn't necessarily come through bloodlines.

The Celts are also very famous for their art. They are the considered the starters of European art from a non-Mediterranean area. The Celtic art mostly began during the Iron age, and has backgrounds of Roman, Greek, Persian, and Etruscan arts. The Celtic art is famous for its elaborate depictions of Animals, Humans, and Geometrical shapes. They are also noted for their elaborate use of colors, and making of jewelry, weapons, and burial gifts.

The Celts were a religious people, and they generally practiced Christianity brought to them by the Roman Missionaries after Roman converted to Christianity. The Celts however didn't use religion the same way the Romans did. The Romans used it in an obedience way, and the Celts used it for meditation and spiritual enlightenment. Christianity, however, was not brought into Celtic culture until the later years of the Celtic reign.

The Celts were famous for some inventions such as the handsaw, soap, rotary reaper, and rotary mill. They were also quite famous for starting a money system, and a system of using gold coins and they developed trading centers.

All in all the Celtic civilization isn't the most famous of all civilizations, or the most important, but never the less they were and still are a huge impact to our modern day world.

 


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